Sports Law

Sports law is a legal disciplinary which deals with both private and public law matters; the law acts as an example for legal pluralism. This pluralism exists not only under private and public law but at the same time, sports law also involves with national and international law as well as some kind of transnational law.

The primary sources for Sports Law are 

  • Charter of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • Statute of International Sport Federations (IF) and 
  • Other instructions.

The secondary sources for Sports Law are

  • National Olympic Committees (NOC)
  • Statutory rules and orders of National Sport Federations 

All these legislations have been created by private law subjects and are implemented without being affected by the geographical boundaries of the primary states. As a result, of such qualities, sports law has also been known as ‘transnational law’.   

Apart from the primary and secondary sources mentioned above, other sources that form the Sports Law are, 

  • The Codes and the Case law of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)
  • Wada Code of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and its applications

The existence of the Sports law in the West Europe has lead to  debates especially among the francophone jurists (France - Switzerland - Belgium - Canada). Consequently, they have come up, they have adopted the following definition for Sports Law:

“The Sporting Order is an independent legal order. The whole of its legislation administers the different characteristics the members must possess according to the respective contest games (games that are personally bound to a lot of rules) which are then subject to sanctions if those rules are not respected by the members”.